From Human Error, by James Reason:

People often have an overwhelming tendency to verify generalisations rather than falsify them: this is a fundamental attribution error.

Whatever governs general proneness to everyday slips and lapses also appears to contribute to stress because certain styles of cognitive management can lead to both absent-mindedness and to the inappropriate matching of coping strategies to stressful situations.

Predictable potential for error is the inappropriate acceptance of readily available but irrelevant patterns.

Humans, if given a choice, would prefer to act as context-specific pattern recognizers rather than attempting to calculate or optimize.

Nils Poertner agrees:

so true. chess for kids = excellent - they learn to falsify a "winning path" by looking at all possible defenses of opponents. so many good projects now everywhere -eg St Louis Chess club for kids etc - also see Ben Finegold.

Duncan Coker offers:

Read an interesting book called Scatterbrain by Henning Beck. Humans makes tons of mistakes especially in repetitive, mundane tasks or difficult calculations. Computers do that way better. What the brain is quite good at is forming ideas based on connections, patterns, correlations, and intuition. We are also very good at adaptation and learning from mistakes. AI will be much better and grinding through terabytes of data. But human brains better at separating the wheat from the chaff and making sense of it all.


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