This may be a game changer. This approach should be very scale-able and very resistant to quantum decoherence from outside:

Epitaxy of advanced nanowire quantum devices

Nature 548, 434–438 (24 August 2017)

Semiconductor nanowires are ideal for realizing various low-dimensional quantum devices. In particular, topological phases of matter hosting non-Abelian quasiparticles (such as anyons) can emerge when a semiconductor nanowire with strong spin–orbit coupling is brought into contact with a superconductor1, 2. To exploit the potential of non-Abelian anyons—which are key elements of topological quantum computing—fully, they need to be exchanged in a well-controlled braiding operation3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Essential hardware for braiding is a network of crystalline nanowires coupled to superconducting islands. Here we demonstrate a technique for generic bottom-up synthesis of complex quantum devices with a special focus on nanowire networks with a predefined number of superconducting islands. Structural analysis confirms the high crystalline quality of the nanowire junctions, as well as an epitaxial superconductor–semiconductor interface. Quantum transport measurements of nanowire 'hashtags' reveal Aharonov–Bohm and weak-antilocalization effects, indicating a phase-coherent system with strong spin–orbit coupling. In addition, a proximity-induced hard superconducting gap (with vanishing sub-gap conductance) is demonstrated in these hybrid superconductor–semiconductor nanowires, highlighting the successful materials development necessary for a first braiding experiment. Our approach opens up new avenues for the realization of epitaxial three-dimensional quantum architectures which have the potential to become key components of various quantum devices.

Jeff Watson comments:

The quantum computing world keeps getting bigger. IBM is building 16 and 17 qubit processors, and processors of 45 qubits has been reached and tested in a lab. It should be noted that there are some who don't think we'll see quantum computers for 10 years or so. They are also worried that quantum computing will present a threat to crypto currencies and blockchains, but there are also those who think that there will not be a threat posed by quantum computers.


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