Here are 10 common patterns of faulty thinking adapted from Dr. David Burns, author of the classic Feeling Good and pioneer of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy:

All-or-Nothing Thinking: Failing to recognize that there may be some middle ground. Characterized by absolute terms like always, never, and forever.

: Taking an isolated case and assuming that all others are the same.

Mental Filter: Mentally singling out the bad events in one's life and overlooking the positive.

Disqualifying the Positive: Treating positive events like they don't really count.

Jumping to Conclusions
: Assuming the worst about a situation even though there is no evidence to back their conclusion.

Magnification and Minimization: Downplaying positive events while paying an inordinate amount of attention to negative ones.

Emotional Reasoning
: Allowing your emotions to govern what you think about a situation rather than objectively looking at the facts.

Should Statements
: Rigidly focusing on how you think things should be rather than finding strategies for dealing with how things are."

Labeling and Mislabeling
: Applying false and harsh labels to oneself and others.

: Blaming yourself for things that are out of your control.


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